When news of the arrest of the Patriote leaders reached Upper Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie launched an armed rebellion in December There was a small, second confrontation soon afterwards in Brantfordbut again the insurgents were dispersed.
The two uprisings left people dead, all of them rebels except for 27 British soldiers.
Inafter years of failed efforts at peaceful change, Mackenzie convinced his most radical followers to try to seize control of the government and declare the colony a republic. They came streaming down Young Street looking to destroy compact property and business as an act of defiance and potentially trigger a large scale rebellion.
The elected assembly had little power; its decisions could be vetoed by the legislative council and the governor, all of whom were appointed by the British government. In response, Reformers in each province organized radical democratic "political unions.
Papineau, from his American exile, remained optimistic: Causes and consequences Historians have disagreed about how much popular support each rebellion received and to what degree the uprisings were necessary.
Papineau and other rebel leaders fled to the United States. As the situation in Lower Canada approached crisis the British concentrated their troops there, making it apparent that they planned on using armed force against the Patriots. While the banks received government support, ordinary farmers and the poor did not.
The bulk of the rebel force fled in a state of confusion once the firing started. Many of the rebels including Mackenzie fled to the United States.
Bythis had become acutely problematic since the American settlers outnumbered the original Loyalists by more than ten to one.
They passed a law making it easier to sue indebted farmers. Though the number killed on each side was equal, the strength and tenacity of the Patriot forces shook the British, and they retreated from the battlefield.
There were two outbursts of violence, the first in Novemberin a series of skirmishes and battles between Patriote rebels and trained British regulars as well as Anglophone volunteers.
The rebellion of the Patriotes Canadiens of Lower Canada, taken along with the Upper Canadian Rebellion, is often seen as the example of what might have occurred in the United States if the American Revolutionary War had failed. Mackenzie was attempting to drain the banks of their money as a political weapon against the Government in hopes to avoid an armed revolution.
The bulk of the rebel force fled in a state of confusion once the firing started. In Upper Canada the Family Compact used its political power to attempt to create a class-ordered society on the British model.
In armed revolts finally broke out in both Upper and Lower Canada. Immediately preceding the Mackenzie rebellion John Doel's house and brewery were prominent gathering places for the Reformers.
Seeing that defeat was inevitable, Nelson fled the scene for the US and, with this; the Patriots Rebellion came to an end. The British military crushed the rebellions, ending any possibility the two Canadas would become republics.
Their failure paved the way for more moderate reformists, such as Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine in Canada East formerly Lower Canada and Robert Baldwin in Canada West formerly Upper Canadawho would work together across language lines, to bring democratic reform and self-government to the newly united Canada.
Durham realized there was another, more serious problem, in the case of Lower Canada. The British Reform movement, organized as "Political Unions," had achieved the Great Reform Bill of which broadened the electoral franchise and helped eliminate political corruption.
Another view is that the insurgencies amounted to pointless bloodletting, which may have even slowed the pace of reform.
Others weren't so lucky. Barricaded in the town church they were bombarded for hours, a cannonade in which the local priest participated. History[ edit ] The rebellion was preceded by nearly three decades of efforts at political reform in Lower Canada,  led from the early s by James Stuart and Louis-Joseph Papineauwho formed the Parti Patriote and sought accountability from the elected general assembly and appointed governor of the colony.
Mackenzie spent years in exile in New York, before returning to Canada following a government pardon in These farmers barely survived widespread crop failures in —37, and now faced lawsuits from merchants trying to collect old debts. How long did the rebellion in Lower Canada last?
A. A year. The causes and consequences of The Rebellions of in Upper and Lower Canada. Causes of the rebellion in Upper Canada - Discontent centered around the government's land policies.
- The government's attempts to encourage commercial and industrial development. -Their favoritism toward the Church of.
The Long and Short-Term Causes of the Rebellions of By: Hannah, Christine, and Jackson Introduction In the following presentation we will be explaining some of the long and short-term causes of the rebellions of in Upper and Lower Canada.
These rebellions are very important to. The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada Essay. The Rebellions of began after Papineau’s rights were denied by the governor to 92 resolutions of reform - The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada Essay introduction.
Papineau had thought it was important that the people of Lower Canada should have a more suitable government, rather than the small oligarchy.
Portfolio No. III - English: Contents: The Rebellions of in Upper and Lower Canada - and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at douglasishere.com The Rebellions of / in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada were attempts and attacks at their current government for various reasons.
The rebellions in Upper Canada were to bring about an American style democracy, while the rebellions in Lower Canada were largely due to discrimination against.The rebellions of upper and lower