Love in first alcibiades and the symposium

When Socrates continually rebuffed him, Alcibiades began to view Socrates as the only true and worthy lover he had ever had. This suggests that the characters speak, as in a play, not as the author, but as themselves.

Before starting his speech, Aristophanes warns the group that his eulogy to love may be more absurd than funny. Gerard Ledger's stylometric analysis supported this tradition, dating the work to the s.

He begins by explaining that people must understand human nature before they can interpret the origins of love and how it affects their own times.

Symposium Quotes

Socrates, probably the oldest member of the party, seems certain to be ruled out. On one occasion he even saved Alcibiades' life and then refused to accept honors for it ec.

When it comes to love, because he is driven by a calculative eros, he does not desire physical beauty, money, honor, or whatever else most of the people would be attracted to D, Ebut he is interested in giving speeches and philosophizing.

Also, Apollodorus was able to confirm parts of the story with Socrates himself, who was one of the speakers at the banquet.

And when you say, I desire that which I have and nothing else, is not your meaning that you want to have what you now have in the future. In the first place he is a poet and here, like Eryximachus, I magnify my artand he is also the source of poesy in others, which he could not be if he were not himself a poet.

Well, if you think so, I will leave him, said Agathon. Like someone who has been bitten by a snake, Alcibiades has been bitten by philosophy, but since everyone else here has also been bitten, he feels comfortable sharing his story.

This is done using a series of questions and answers typical of Plato's Socratic dialogues. And this is the reason why, in the first place, a hasty attachment is held to be dishonourable, because time is the true test of this as of most other things; and secondly there is a dishonour in being overcome by the love of money, or of wealth, or of political power, whether a man is frightened into surrender by the loss of them, or, having experienced the benefits of money and political corruption, is unable to rise above the seductions of them.

Thus, Socrates did not reject Alcibiades, but on the contrary, offered him his love according to his eros.

Aristophanes then claims that when two people who were separated from each other find each other, they never again want to be separated c. This is, he says, because in primal times people had double bodies, with faces and limbs turned away from one another.

The symposium comes to an end when a large drunken group shows up. It will be a competition of speeches to be judged by Dionysus.

Symposium (Plato)

Take, for example, that which we are now doing, drinking, singing and talking these actions are not in themselves either good or evil, but they turn out in this or that way according to the mode of performing them; and when well done they are good, and when wrongly done they are evil; and in like manner not every love, but only that which has a noble purpose, is noble and worthy of praise.

Alcibiades crashes in, terribly drunk, and delivers a encomium to Socrates himself. This, Eryximachus, is my discourse of love, which, although different to yours, I must beg you to leave unassailed by the shafts of your ridicule, in order that each may have his turn; each, or rather either, for Agathon and Socrates are the only ones left.

Dionysus is engaged to be the judge, and decides the outcome, not based on the merits of the two tragedians, but based on their political stance regarding the political figure, Alcibiades.

It enables us to associate, and be friends, with each other and with the gods" d Transl. I agree with you, said Agathon. It enables us to associate, and be friends, with each other and with the gods, our superiors" d Transl.

In the Symposium the dialectic exists among the speeches: As justification he cites the poets, Hesiod and Akousilaus now lost. Yet all this is the least of it c - Socrates is mad about beautiful boys, following them around in a daze d.

Yet all this is the least of it c - he is crazy about beautiful boys, following them around in a daze d. First, if they want to own the good, they need to find out what the good is. First, is not love of something, and of something too which is wanting to a man. I will do as you prescribe, said Aristophanes, and now get on.

Even Achilleswho was the beloved of Patroclussacrificed himself to avenge his lover, and Alcestis was willing to die for her husband Admetus.

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In the conclusion of her exposition Diotima explains that men should make an ascent to arrive at the discovery of the Ideal Form of Beauty. And he is the fairest: There is little doubt that the content of the dialogue is fictitious, although Plato has built a very realistic atmosphere.

And yet, added Socrates, if a man being strong desired to be strong, or being swift desired to be swift, or being healthy desired to be healthy, in that case he might be thought to desire something which he already has or is.

Finding himself seated on a couch with Socrates and Agathon, Alcibiades exclaims that Socrates, again, has managed to sit next to the handsomest man in the room, Agathon, and that he is always doing such things c. Aristophanes ends on a cautionary note.

And here I must explain myself: This theory, Arieti has found, reveals how much each of the speakers of the Symposium resembles the god, Eros, that they each are describing. Alcibiades states that when he hears Socrates speak, he feels overwhelmed.


It was thought that what Socrates said was what Plato agreed with or approved of. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c.

– BC. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes.

The speeches are to be.

What is Love in the Symposium?

Olympiodorus, On Plato First AlcibiadesMichael Griffin (tr.), Bloomsbury,pp., $ (hbk), ISBN Reviewed by Dirk Baltzly, University of Tasmania Olympiodorus was a teacher of Platonic philosophy in Alexandria in the first half of the 6 th century CE.

Alcibiades concludes his speech by remarking that we cannot liken Socrates to any other person, past or present. At best, we can compare him to a satyr who is god-like on the inside. Alcibiades warns Agathon not to be fooled or seduced by Socrates in the way he has been.

The poet Agathon hosted a symposium to celebrate victory in his first dramatic competition, the Dionysia of BC. A discussion on the theme of love took place at this symposium, a discussion which has since become famous.

Aristodemus, who was present, reported the conversation to Phoinix and Apollodorus. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books.

Alcibiades and the Socratic Lover-Educator // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame. The First Alcibiades or Alcibiades I (Greek: Ἀλκιβιάδης αʹ) is a dialogue featuring Alcibiades in conversation with is ascribed to Plato, although scholars are divided on the question of .

Love in first alcibiades and the symposium
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Symposium (Plato) - Wikipedia