February was time for preparing the planting beds so that seeds could be planted in late March. During this era, English proto-nationalism and national assertiveness blossomed under the threat of Spanish invasion, assisted by a degree of Protestant militarism and the energy of Queen Elizabeth.
Massachusetts settlers quickly began to fish, cut lumber, build ships, and trade. That left fifty-six young males headed to a new land with only their self-government of a House of Burgesses, the Anglican religion brought from England, and no common sense to keep impulses in check.
However, this conviction for making profits found its outlet in the cash crop, tobacco, which John Rolfe perfected. The main waves of settlement came in the 17th century. The travelers from England that headed for the Chesapeake Bay were predominantly men, which led to an unbalanced society and lack of wives to promote a family-based culture.
There were no pacts of agreement, no common laws that kept them in a community once landing. However, the plant that made one of the greatest impacts on both the European Continent and the New World was tobacco.
September and October was the time to cut and dry the leaves; in November laborers stripped the tobacco leaves and packed them for market. Religious squabbles continued for years in the Maryland colony. The business venture was financed and coordinated by the London Virginia Companya joint stock company looking for gold.
Plantations were established by riverbanks for the good soil and to ensure ease of transportation. Many - sweet corn, beans, and pumpkin - became a regular part of the Iberian diet.
Baltimore granted his friends the large estates, which resembled medieval manors and paved the way for the plantation system. The Plymouth Company did not fulfill its charter, but the region chartered to it was named "New England" by Captain John Smith of Jamestown in his account of two voyages there, published as A Description of New England.
In only 2, pounds of tobacco were grown in Virginia; by the s this figure jumped to overpounds. However in Virginia, there was strife between the aristocratic and the back country settlers. The Chesapeake region offered little economic opportunity to indentured servants who had completed their term of obligation.
Tobacco was the mainstay of the Virginia and Maryland economies. Immigration[ edit ] The first successful settlement in the Chesapeake, Jamestownwas set up by the Virginia Company and therefore its population was made up mostly of English.
Whereas Virginia was thriving on a single cash crop, tobacco, Massachusetts had a varied commercial economy. Experienced slaves were brought from Africa to cultivate rice and indigo. These had little effect on the people since there was not a regimented power to enforce them.
Planters began buying slaves from Africa inbut because they were expensive and their life expectancy was short it did not make economic sense at the time. To cultivate tobacco, planters brought in large numbers of English workers, mostly young men who came as indentured servants.
Although New England and the Chesapeake region were settled largely by people of English origin, by the regions developed into two distinct societies.
Introduction and Thesis. Personal experience (NEW!) and book reviews for SAT II US History.
SAT Extra Information. Most large population centers in colonial America were located in New England or the Middle Colonies.
In the Chesapeake Bay area cities included the Chesapeake region and the southern colonies were subject to the powerful influences of their Colonial history of the United States, including French and Spanish colonization in the South.
1/8/ • Ask Mr. History Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.
b) Explains ONE important difference between the British colonies in the Chesapeake region and the British colonies in New England in the period from to • Greater reliance on slavery in the Chesapeake. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English origin, by the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.4/4(1).
New England Colonies Essay Examples. 37 total results. A Comparison of the Colonies on New England and the Chesapeake Region. words. 1 page. The Development of Massachusetts and Other New England Colonies. words. An Introduction to the History .An introduction to the history of new england and the chesapeake region